One was held on September 13, the anniversary of the foundation of Jupiter's Capitoline temple.
temple of Ceres.  The Poplifugia was a "primitive military ritual" for which the adult male population assembled for purification rites, after which they ritually dispelled foreign invaders from Rome. He is also considered to be the unbearded Jupiter. , Along with Terminus, Iuventas (also known as Iuventus and Iuunta) represents an aspect of Jupiter (as the legend of her refusal to leave the Capitol Hill demonstrates.
 Dumezil has elaborated an interpretative theory according to which this aporia would be an intrinsic, fundamental feature of Indoeuropean deities of the primordial and sovereign level, as it finds a parallel in Vedic religion. The art of augury was considered prestigious by ancient Romans; by sending his signs, Jupiter (the sovereign of heaven) communicates his advice to his terrestrial colleague: the king (rex) or his successor magistrates. Varro was acquainted with the libri pontificum ("books of the Pontiffs") and their archaic classifications.  To the same atmospheric complex belongs the epithet Elicius: while the ancient erudites thought it was connected to lightning, it is in fact related to the opening of the rervoirs of rain, as is testified by the ceremony of the Nudipedalia, meant to propitiate rainfall and devoted to Jupiter. Iuppiter Stator was first attributed by tradition to Romulus, who had prayed the god for his almighty help at a difficult time the battle with the Sabines of king Titus Tatius. His identifying implement is the thunderbolt and his primary sacred animal is the eagle, which held precedence over other birds in the taking of auspices and became one of the most common symbols of the Roman army (see Aquila). Required fields are marked *.
This identification has though been challenged by A. Pasqualini.  In Roman traditional lore it was brought from Troy by Aeneas.  Dumézil describes wine as a "kingly" drink with the power to inebriate and exhilarate, analogous to the Vedic Soma..
 Der humanistische Gelehrte Natale Conti gibt an, er sei von Bärinnen versorgt worden.. Jupiter, as a sovereign god, was considered as having the power to conquer anyone and anything in a supernatural way; his contribution to military victory was different from that of Mars (god of military valour). She’s rotating very slowly, and she’s rotating the wrong way.  In the 3rd century BC, the epulum Iovis became similar to a lectisternium.. They had a temple in Rome at the foot of the Velian Hill, near the Palatine, in which they were represented as a couple of male youth. After the destruction of Alba by king Tullus Hostilius the cult was forsaken. The divine couple received from Greece its matrimonial implications, thence bestowing on Juno the role of tutelary goddess of marriage (Iuno Pronuba).
Although he served the god who embodied the sanctity of the oath, it was not religiously permissible (fas) for the Dialis to swear an oath. The disposition of these divine entities and their repetition in different locations may be due to the fact that Penates belonging to different categories (of Jupiter in region I, earthly or of mortal men in region V) are intended. , G. Wissowa advanced the hypothesis that Semo Sancus is the genius of Jupiter.  The dates of his festivals support the same conclusion: they fall on January 1, March 7 and May 21, the first date being the recurrence of the Agonalia, dedicated to Janus and celebrated by the king with the sacrifice of a ram. ließen die Duoviri der Colonia jährlich am 11. Some epithets describe a particular aspect of the god, or one of his functions: Some epithets of Jupiter indicate his association with a particular place. Darüber hinaus gab es weitere Kultbilder, vor allem solche mit Jupiter eng verbundener Götter, so z. in a way and with the features proper to a king. Consequently, the analysis of the type of action performed by Jupiter in the domains in which he operates indicates that Jupiter is a sovereign god who may act in the field of politics (as well as agriculture and war) in his capacity as such, i.e.
Er wurde oft als Iuppiter Optimus Maximus bezeichnet („bester und größter Jupiter“), in Inschriften meist abgekürzt zu IOM. He is known as Zeus in Greek mythology.  Legend has attributed its founding to Romulus.   It seems fairly safe to assume that from the earliest times they were identified by their own proper names and since they got them they were never changed through the course of history: they were called Jupiter and Juno. November. , Victoria was connected to Iuppiter Victor in his role as bestower of military victory. According to tradition, these festival days were instituted by the king Servius Tullius. Jahrhunderts n. Chr.  Dumézil noted the presence of the two minor sovereign deities Bagha and Aryaman beside the Vedic sovereign gods Varuna and Mitra (though more closely associated with Mitra); the couple would be reflected in Rome by Terminus and Iuventas.
Monumentum Ancyranum IV 7; CIL XI 657 Faventia; XIV 2579 Tusculum.
, Auf dem heutigen Gellértberg in Budapest (Aquincum), den die Römer wahrscheinlich Mons Teutanus nannten, lag ein spätkeltisches Oppidum der Eravisker, die dort Teutates, eine keltische Hauptgottheit, unter der Namensvariation Teutanus verehrten.
Their stubbornness was considered a good omen; it would guarantee youth, stability and safety to Rome on its site. G. Dumézil ARR above p. 413.  Während er in der rechten Hand die Blitze hält und schleudert, trägt er in der Linken ein elfenbeinernes Zepter, sein Haar ist so gewaltig, dass er mit dem bloßen Schütteln desselben Erde, Meer und Sternenhimmel erschüttert.
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